Jurnal Produktivitas Rumput Odot (Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott) dengan Pemberian Jenis Pupuk yang Berbeda

Jurnal Produktivitas Rumput Odot (Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott) dengan Pemberian Jenis Pupuk yang Berbeda

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Budiono, Budiono and Tris, Akbarillah and Irma, Badarina
  

(2018)

Productivity of Odot Grass (Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott) with Different Types of Fertilizer.

    Undergraduated thesis, Bengkulu University.
  

  

Abstract

Odot grass (Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott) is one type of elephant grass that began to be developed. This grass can grow on various types of soil and is very responsive to fertilization. To support forage productivity, of course you can use livestock manure such as sludge (biogas mud) as fertilizer. The use of livestock feces as cheap and environmentally friendly biofertilizers is an alternative that needs to be developed so that there is reciprocity between livestock and feed forage. Thus, the fulfillment of soil nutrients will be fulfilled on an ongoing basis and can support growth and production of crops in the context of providing forage. This study aims to evaluate the growth and productivity of Odot grass (Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott) with several types of fertilizers (cow manure, goats, biogas digester and urea sludge). The research was carried out in forage production fields in the field laboratory of the Bengkulu University Animal Husbandry Department. The design used in this study was a completely randomized design (CRD) with 5 treatments P0 (Control), P1 (urea fertilizer), P2 (cow manure), P3 (goat manure), and P4 (biogas sludge fertilizer) for each the treatment consisted of 4 replications. The variables observed included growth and production of fresh or dry matter Odot grass (BK). The data obtained were analyzed by variance (ANOVA), if significantly affected Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) test was carried out. The results showed that the treatment had no significant effect (P> 0.05) on plant height, leaf width, number of tillers, fresh production and production of Odot grass stem dry matter. Production of stem BK from P0 – P4 is 50.66; 69.02; 57,30; 99.66 and 65.31 g / plot and the production of leaf dry matter respectively P0 – P4 is 175.75; 22.43; 195,63; 274.46 and 231.12 g / plot. At plant age 35 days after planting (hst) the treatment had a significant effect (P <0.05) on leaf length. The percentage of stem dry matter production in a row P0 - P4 is 22.07; 23.65; 22,60; 26.52 and 22.25%, which in the percentage of dry matter (BK) production of P1 and P3 stems was significant (P <0.05) higher than P0, P2 and P4, whereas the percentage of dry matter production (BK) leaves respectively P0 - P4 of 77.93; 76.36; 77.40; 73.48 and 7.75%, the percentage of dry matter production of leaves P1 and P3 was real (P <0,05) lebih rendah dibandingkan dengan P0, P2 dan P4. Penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan pengunaan berbagai jenis pupuk (pupuk kandang kambing, pupuk kandang sapi, limbah istalasi biogas dan urea), ternyata tidak mempengaruhi produktivitas rumput odot yang dipotong/panen pada umur 63 hari setelah tanam. (Jurusan Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Bengkulu) v SUMMARY Productivity of Odot Grass (Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott) with Different Fertilizers (Budiono supervised by Ir. Tris Akbarillah, MP and Dr. Irma Badarina, S.Pt., MP, 2017, 33 pages). The odot grass (Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott) is one of the elephant grass species that was developed. This grass can grow on a variety of soils and is very responsive to fertilization. To support the productivity of forage can certainly use cattle manure such as sludge (biogas mud) as fertilizer. The use of livestock feces as a cheap and environmentally friendly biological fertilizer is an alternative that needs to be developed so that there is a tradeoff between livestock and feeding forage. Thus, the nutrient fulfillment of the land will be sustained continuously and can support the growth and production of forage in order to provide forage of animal feed. This study aims to evaluate the growth and productivity of Odot grass (Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott) with several kinds of fertilizer (cow manure, goat, sludge digester biogas and urea). The research was conducted at field forage production in field laboratory of Animal Husbandry Department at University of Bengkulu. The design used in this study was a complete randomized design (RAL) with 5 treatments P0 (Control), P1 (urea fertilizer), P2 (cow manure), P3 (goat manure), and P4 (biogas mud fertilizer) for each. The treatment consisted of 4 replications. Variables observed were growth and production of fresh and dry Odot grass (dry matter). Data obtained were analyzed by anova, any significant differences found then was further analyzed by Duncan's Multiple Range Test (DMRT). The results showed no significant effects (P> 0.05) on plant height, leaf width, number of tillers, fresh production and Odot grass dry matter production. Production of stem DM from P0 – P4 was 50.66; 69.02; 57.30; 99.66 and 65.31 g / plots, respectively and the production of dry matter Leafs Consecutively P0 – P4 were 175.75; 22.43; 195.63; 274.46 and 231.12 g / plot. At plant age 35 days after planting treatment had a significant effect (P <0.05) to leaf length. Percentage of P0 - P4 dry sterilized production of 22.07; 23.65; 22.60; 26.52 and 22.25%, which are in the percentage of dry matter (DM) systems P1 and P3 (P <0.05) were higher than P0, P2 and P4, while the percentage of leaf dry matter (DM) of P0 - P4 were 77.93; 76.36; 77.40; 73.48 and 7.75%, respectively. The actual percentage of dry matter of P1 and P3 leaves (P <0.05) were lower than that of P0, P2 and P4. This research concludes that the use of various types of fertilizer (goat manure, cow manure, biogas and urea wastewater), does not affect the productivity of cut / harvested grass at 63 days after planting. (Department of Animal Husbandry, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Bengkulu).

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