Jurnal Penelitian Diagnosis Kanker Payudara Akhir Tahap di RSUD Arifin Achmad Provinsi Riau 2016
Delaying breast cancer examination is a condition in which breast cancer patients know their condition exceeds the specified time (stage cancer III) when the cancer cannot differentiate well to get treatment . In Indonesia, almost 70% of breast cancer patients are late to do the examination. Data at the Regional General Hospital Arifin Achmad showed an increase in the number of breast cancer cases, where in 2012 there were 145 cases, in 2013 there were 262 cases and in 2014 there were 584 cases.
This study aims to determine the related factors with postponement of breast cancer examinations such as knowledge, education, income, pain, fear, family support, BSE (breast breast examination), distance to health services, resources and family history of breast cancer.
This type of research is quantitative analytic observational. The study design was an analytical cross sectional study. The population was outpatients of women with breast cancer who came to Arifin Achmad Hospital in the Riau Province region and a total sample of 203 women. Data were analyzed by univariate, bivariate analysis with chi square analysis and multivariate with multiple logistic regression.
The results of this study showed that knowledge had 3 times the effect of income 3 times, the distance to health care had an effect 2.5 times and the pain effect 2 times against the postponement of breast cancer examination.
The conclusion of this study is that there is a casual relationship between knowledge, income, distance to health services and pain to delay the examination of breast cancer. It is recommended for women to increase their knowledge about breast cancer examinations and are advised to the Riau Provincial Health Office through community health centers to provide education and socialization about breast cancer to the public.
Keywords: Delaying Screening, Breast Cancer, Knowledge, Income, Distance