Jurnal Gambaran Klinis dan Histolopatologis Pasien Karsinoma Kavum Nasal dan Sinus Paranasal di Bagian THT-KL RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang Tahun 2016 – 2018 | Husna

Jurnal Gambaran Klinis dan Histolopatologis Pasien Karsinoma Kavum Nasal dan Sinus Paranasal di Bagian THT-KL RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang Tahun 2016 – 2018 | Husna

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Clinical and Hystopathological Overview of Patients with Caval Nasal and Sinus Paranasal Carcinomas in the ENT-KL Section of Dr. RSUP M. Djamil Padang in 2016 – 2018

Melita Husna, Sukri Rahman, Erlina Rustam

Abstract

Nasal cavity carcinoma and paranasal sinuses are rare but aggressive malignancies. This scarcity of cases of malignancy causes most patients to come at an advanced stage. This study aims to determine the clinical and histopathological description of nasal cavity carcinoma and paranasal sinuses in the ENT-KL section of Dr. RSUP M. Djamil Padang. This research is a retrospective descriptive study using medical record data with total sampling technique. The study sample was 51 patients diagnosed with nasal cavity carcinoma and paranasal sinuses in the ENT-KL section of Dr. RSUP M. Djamil Padang in 2016 – 2018. The results showed that the majority of patients were male (60.78%), age group 41-50 years (35.29%), and worked as farmers (37.25%). The main complaints and most clinical symptoms were nasal congestion, which was as much as (45.09%) and (86.27%). The most common location is found in the nasal cavity (62.74%). Patients came in stages III and IV, with the most histopathological type being squamous cell carcinoma (58.82%). The conclusion of this study is that most patients found male sex with major complaints and the most clinical symptoms experienced were nasal congestion located in the nasal cavity coming in stage III and IV with histopathological type squamous cell carcinoma.

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