Jurnal ADAPTASI BAHASA DAN BUDAYA NEED FOR COGNITION SCALE

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Jurnal ADAPTASI BAHASA DAN BUDAYA NEED FOR COGNITION SCALE

This study aims to adapt [need for cognition scale] (NCS) (Cacioppo, et al., 1984) to sample junior high school students in Indonesia. NCS was developed to measure the construct [need for cognition]which was defined as the tendency of individuals to engage and enjoy challenging cognitive activities. Adaptation is done through five stages, namely translating NCS items from English into Indonesian in two translated versions, evaluating and selecting a translated version that meets conceptual and linguistic equivalence, translation [backward] evaluating the equality between translation results backward and original items of the NCS, made the final format for NCS Indonesia's adaptation. To obtain psychometric properties, NCS Indonesian adaptation was administered to 162 students in grades 8 and 9. The measurement model hypothesized was a dimensional model and tested using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The fit model was obtained after modification of the model (chi-square = 9.089, df = 9, p = 0.429, GFI = 0.981, CFI = 1,000, TLI = 0.999, RMSEA = 0.008). The fit model consisted of 6 items, all of which were unfavorable items with the lowest factor load of 0.418 (cronbach alpha = 0.776). Because of the growing opinion that favorabel and unfavorable items can form different factors, the next researcher can test several models, namely the dimensional model, the dimensional model with the correlation between errors of unfavorable items, and the two-factor model (factor 1 consists of items- favorabel and factor 2 consisted of unfavorable items).

Keywords: need for cognition scale, adaptation, measurement model, confirmatory factor analysis

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