Artikel Jurnal ARAHAN PEMENUHAN RUANG TERBUKA HIJAU KOTA BANDA ACEH
DIRECTION OF GREEN OPEN SPACE IN BANDA ACEH CITY
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The earthquake that occurred in Banda Aceh on December 26, 2004, followed by a tsunami along the Indian Ocean coastline caused many casualties and damage to infrastructure including green open spaces. This article presents changes to the Banda Aceh green open space before and after the tsunami, the requirements for the Banda Aceh green open space based on extensive territory and population, and the direction of the development of the green open space of Banda Aceh. The method used is image interpretation, and classification, the analysis of the needs of green open space is calculated based on a wide area in accordance with Law No. 26/2007, based on the population with a standard per capita green open space requirement as in PERMENPU No. 5 / PRT / M / 2008. The concept of the Green City Development Program (P2KH) is applied to regulate the direction of the development of the Banda Aceh green open space, and is integrated with the land use plan in the Banda Aceh RTRW. The width of the green open space before and after the tsunami analysis shows that even before the tsunami, Banda Aceh's green open space was still far from adequate as required by the constitution of spatial planning (13.92% of the city). Right after the tsunami, Banda Aceh's green open space was reduced to only about 9.31% of the city. Five years later (2010) the green open space of Banda Aceh increased to 12.83% of the total area of the city, and in 2015 Banda Aceh had green open space of around 37.51% of the total area of the city. The need for green open space in Banda Aceh based on a wide area is 1,227.18 ha of public green open space, and 613.59 ha of private green open space, based on the population predicted in 2029 is 687.89 ha. The direction of developing green open space Banda Aceh is intensification by increasing the quality of existing green open spaces and extensification by the acquisition of private land for green open spaces.