Artikel Jurnal AMBIVALENSI JIHAD DAN TERORISME: TINJAUAN ANALISIS SEMANTIK-KONTEKSTUAL AYAT-AYAT JIHAD
In the early 21st st century, the global world had an extreme fright after the World Trade Center (WTC) was attacked by international terrorist networks in the name of Islam. These disgrace actions are the name of Islam in international world which causes Islamopobhia in most countries. These inspire other is terrors of terrors. Indonesia is also not free from terror attacks. One of these was the Bali attack in 2012 carried out by three jihadists called “Trio of Bali Bombing” in the name of jihad. Jihad is often referred to as violence in Islamic societies. Ambivalence of jihad by acts of war or terror has reduced the real meaning of jihad. By using the guidelines offered by Ella Landou Tasseron in the Encyclopaedia of the Qur'an, this study to track and identify verse which has “qitāl” meaning in order to define jihad proportionately and wisely. Furthermore, this detailed study to contextualize the term jihad to find out which forms of jihad can be applied and prioritized in contemporary context, especially in the name of jihad. In contemporary era, jihad can be contextualized so that this concept could be a problem solver for the problem of the Muslims today. in the name of Islam. These actions tarnish the name of Islam in the eyes of the international community and have its meaning for the spread of Islamopobhia in most countries. These inspire other acts of terror terror. Indonesia is not free from terror attacks. One of them was the Bali Attack in 2012 carried out by the “Bali Bomb Trio” in the name of jihad. Jihad is often referred to as violence in Islamic societies. The word Jihad is an ambivalence with acts of war or terror that has reduced the true meaning of jihad. The word jihad is a means that requires in-depth study to reveal meaning. Using the guidelines offered by Ella Landou Tasseron in the Encyclopaedia of the Qur'an, this study is to trace and identify each verse that means “qitāl” so that we can put the meaning of jihad proportionally and wisely. Furthermore, this research is as much as possible to contextualize the term jihad, so that it can be known that forms of jihad can be applied in contemporary eras, especially to avoid acts of terror. In contemporary times, jihad can be contextualized so that this concept can be a problem solver for the problems of Muslims today, such as ignorance, poverty, and to maintain the values of the Republic of Indonesia, tolerance and peace in the world.